device has been discovered which measures a spin force around living
organisms. It varies with solar activity, phase of the moon, and some
planetary positions. The discovery of this spin force bridges the gap
between small bodies-/. subatomic particles, atoms, and interstellar
molecules- and large bodies- stars, planets, asteroids, and galaxies. These
bodies have been shown to exhibit spin. This work also expands the property
of spin to living organisms. The author proposes that spin be considered a
basic force, along with electricity and gravity, and replace magnetism,
which is a special case of spin.
Chinese use the term ch’i or Ki to describe the energy which circulates
along acupuncture meridians and provides the essential life force for the
body. In the 1940’s Wilhelm Reich built what he called orgone accumulators
which collected an energy from space. He considered orgone to be the vital
energy of all living organisms and could be supplied to people who were ill,
by using Reich’s accumulators. Reich’s devices and discoveries stimulated a
lot of research which is continuing today.
Psychics who claim to see the human aura have always tantalized researchers
to detect it with the latest and most sensitive instruments. However,
measurements made with sensitive ultraviolet light detectors, electrostatic
or radio wave detectors have found almost nothing except the typical
infrared or heat radiation given off by a warm body.
There are a few
examples of detection of possible forces around the human body. Applying
high voltage and low current to the body and taking photographs produces
colored photographs. Called Kirilian photography, after the Russian who
developed it, it has some validity, though it’s difficult to produce
measurable effects from the color photographs. So, significant aspects may
not have been noticed.
Another example is electric charge. On a cool, dry day the body can pick up
electric charge, especially if synthetic clothing is worn, and this charge
will spark to a metal surface as it is touched, or spark to another person,
if that person has less charge. This comes and goes with the weather; the
body does not generate an electric charge which can be detected beyond the
are small electric currents and voltages generated within the body which can
be measured by placing electrodes directly on the skin or placing probes
within the brain or heart. Brain waves are only about 10 millionths of a
volt and the largest muscle electrical signal is generated by the heart—2.5
millivolts. Other muscles produce voltages of only a few millionths of a
people have written that the body has a magnetic aura. This statement is
misleading and confusing. While it’s correct that any moving electric
charge generates a magnetic field, such fields are only a fraction of the
strength of the electric fields. In order to make magnetic fields apparent,
coils of wire with many turns must be used. Blood flows out and back and
has no net electrical charge, so it doesn’t generate any external field,
although a very small magnetic field is generated when nerve impulses
To detect the tiny electrical signal produced by the heart muscle requires
amplification of about 1,000 times and electrodes must be placed directly on
the body. The magnetic field of the brain requires amplification a
thousand times more, or a million times altogether. In other words,
the magnetic field generated by the heart is only about one thousandth of
the electric field. No compass would ever show such a small field.
If the body had an appreciable magnetic aura, compasses would not work
properly and people would have been forced to rely on the sun and stars for
the last two decades, a very sensitive instrument has been developed which
can detect the very small magnetic fields around the heart and brain, where
busy neural activity also makes a tiny magnetic field. The instrument used
to detect these fields is called a SQUID, an acronym for superconducting
quantum interference device. The SQUID usually is operated in special
magnetically shielded rooms. The measured magnetic fields from the head and
heart are less than one millionth of a gauss (a term used for magnetic field
data from the SQUID is now providing information, to say that the body has a
magnetic aura is like saying the body has a gravitational aura. We don’t
walk around attracting objects to our bodies such as paper clips and rusty
nails, by our magnetic fields. However, just because people don’t have any
appreciable magnetic field, does not mean that they are not affected by
small magnetic fields.
There is another type
of field around the body which is neither electric nor magnetic and is very
much larger than either of them. It is indirectly related to magnetism, and
lacking a suitable term, people have often chosen to use the term “magnetic”
to describe it.
In the 1500s, Paracelsus, an alchemist, believed that humans exude a “vital
force” which surrounds the body like a “luminous sphere”. Anton Mesmer, in
the late 1700s, also believed this and used the concept in his work. In the
1800s Baron Karl von Reichenbach called this “luminous sphere” animal
magnetism. (see Appendix, under Pioneers of Aura Research)
Mesmer believed there
was a fluid-like energy around the human body which was highly charged in
healthy people, and weak or nearly absent in ill people. He recognized that
this force was somehow related to magnetism, and he thought that magnets
could conduct it. He called this force “Animal Magnetism” to differentiate
it from ordinary iron magnetism. He found that he could produce
“magnetic-like” effects in his patients by stroking the space around them
with magnets or his hands. His formulation was similar to what Reich later
called orgone energy.
In 1978, the author
discovered a simple device, which he calls the Biofield Meter, which can
detect and measure a force around the body. This may be what Mesmer called
animal magnetism. This shows up as a spin or rotational force on a frame
which is suspended over a person’s head. Figure 1 shows one form of
the device used for this purpose. Although a pyramid frame was initially
used, the force has no connection with so-called pyramid energy, the
supposed force occurring inside a pyramid shape. The author was
investigating the possible existence of pyramid energy when this other
effect was accidentally discovered.
The frame has been made of common materials; wood, plastic, or metal, and in
a variety of shapes. It is suspended by a nylon filament (fishing line
leader). When a person sits under a hanging frame of any shape, it will
rotate a few degrees. To measure the degree of rotation, a mirror is glued
on the nylon filament. A wall mounted spotlight will produce a reflected
spot on an adjacent wall where a scale serves to provide accurate
measurement of movement of the spot. A lady’s compact mirror which slightly
focuses the spot of light works better than a flat mirror. In the apparatus
shown in Figure 1, ring magnets were placed such that their North
poles point towards the apex.
Figure 2 shows
a different version of the device which uses a hanging scale. Other
versions of the device have included a spiral helix fashioned from quarter
inch copper tubing, three sided pyramidal forms, large rings, and pyramids
hanging inside a bottle (Figure 3).
Devices have been made
and tested with more, less, or no magnets. In general, the more magnets the
more movement, but Biofield Meters still rotate even when there are no
magnets on them. The instruments are stable, and rarely move when no one is
near them. Over one thousand observations have been made.
in bottles demonstrate that air currents and thermal currents could not be
involved in their movement. Units placed in bottles or glass cases are
caused to move by placing one’s hands at the sides of the case. Electrical
shielding or electrical grounding of the operator made no difference,
however soft iron wrapped around a bottle stopped the effect.
whether heat could be producing rotation of the larger frames, several
observations were made using a hundred watt light bulb, a lighted candle,
and a heat pack. No movement of the frames was observed when these heat
sources were placed inside the frames. To insure that air currents produced
by breathing were not affecting the movement, the breath was held as long as
possible in a number of tests. The Biofield Meter always moved within five
to fifteen seconds, so that factor too can be ruled out. Besides, the many
observations made with units in sealed glass jars have repeatedly
demonstrated that movement takes place when no air currents and only minimal
heat transfer could be present. Devices in bottles have been observed to
move at distances up to 12 feet from the observer during times of large
the body’s intrinsic magnetic field measured in shielded rooms is about one
billionth of a gauss, this Biofield could not be an ordinary magnetic
field. The author has simply called it the Biofield, a contracting of
biological energy field. Tesla, a contemporary of Edison and inventor of
the alternating current motor and many other instruments, was reported to
have spoken about a “higher octave” of magnetism which had not been
recognized by traditional science.
we choose to call it; the aura, animal magnetism, orgone energy, prana, spin
force, ch’i, or the Biofield, this energy is quite large; over 100 million
times as large as the body’s magnetic field. If it were magnetic, the
Biofield would be equivalent to several hundred gauss.
then, what is the Biofield? It appears to be a genuinely new force in
science. It manifests as a physical force clearly observed around all types
of biological matter. It appears to be a force which produces movement at
right angles around the human body. It does not push or pull like gravity
or electrostatic forces. It appears to be in the form of a circular or
spiral force around the body. The origin of the force is not electrical,
magnetic, heat, or gravitational. It is much too large to be produced by
several months of observations it was discovered that the amount of the
initial rotational deflection of the Biofield Meter varied in association
with the geomagnetic field. Figures 4 and 5 show deflections of the
meter over a 40-day period (daily measurements) and a 3 day period
(measurements made at 3 hour intervals). The dashed line shows measurements
made with the Biofield Meter and the solid line shows data on Earth’s
magnetic activity provided by the National Bureau of Standards in Boulder,
Colorado. At times of higher geomagnetic activity, the Biofield showed
The second figure
shows a similar relationship for three hour variations. There is a clear
connection between the two measures, although it’s not appropriate to do
statistical correlations since there is a component to the Biofield data
which varies with the emotional state or vitality of the person.
Observations suggest that when one meditates or is ill, their Biofield is of
lesser amplitude. When one is excited, either angry or happy, their field
Usually the direction of the initial rotation of the frame is to the right
as seen from within the frame, or clockwise as seen from above the person.
At times of new or full moon or when there are large disturbances in Earth’s
magnetic field the Biofield often shows a change in the initial direction of
rotation. Measurements of the Biofield were made nearly every day
during a 2-year period.
Examination of the data for the 2-year period showed that 85% of the
time of a new or full moon (within 36 hours), the Biofield showed a reversal
in direction for a few hours. Such a reversal could have happened during
the other 15% of the times but escaped the author’s notice if it
happened to occur between observation times. Measurements made over a seven
year period on various forms of Biofield Meters showed consistent
connections between their movements and solar/geomagnetic activity. This
was so, even for those forms of the Biofield Meters which did not have
magnets placed on them. It seems that the geomagnetic activity is the
largest component of Biofield activity.
have been similar devices developed at earlier dates. The first device was
called a Bio Metre and was developed by Dr. Hippolyte Baraduc of France – a
copper needle suspended horizontally by a thread from the center. A
literature search uncovered reference to an article by Dr. Charles Ross
published in the 1922 medical journal Lancet. He described an
instrument which was set in motion by the proximity of the human body or by
vision. In recent years a German scientist, W. Peschka, appears to have
discovered a similar effect. These men did not obtain numerical data on the
amplitude of the field or notice its connection with the geomagnetic field.
Frank Brown was a pioneer in the study of interactions between magnetism and
living organisms. During a visit to the author’s laboratory in 1983, he left
50 reprints of scientific papers including several studies on bean
seeds, magnetism, and spin. He found that when bean seeds were placed near
one another there was an interaction between them which could not be
explained. The effect was observed by carefully measuring the amount of
water which the beans absorbed.
Brown thought the interaction was due to magnetism because it was still
present when electrostatic shielding was in place, but nearly disappeared
when magnetic shielding was used. Although he believed the bean seeds had a
magnetic field, he did not have the instrumentation to measure it. In fact,
even if a magnetic field around a bean seed could be detected by
ultra-sensitive SQUID apparatus, it would probably be far too small to
account for the observed effects. It seems more likely that the interaction
between the bean seeds was due to the presence of a Biofield or spin force.
The Biofield around living organisms appears to be thousands of times larger
than the magnetic field.
Biofield was involved is supported by Dr. Brown’s observation of a
connection between rotation and bean seed interaction. He found that the
beans interacted more strongly when they were rotated counterclockwise than
when they were rotated clockwise. (the Biofield is usually observed as a
clockwise force as seen from above.)
another series of experiments he placed rotating magnets near the bean seeds
and observed an interaction with the bean seeds. Brown and his associates
also found interactions between geomagnetic activity and rotation of worms
and other small life forms.
also reported on the research of R. I. Jones, who reported in 1960 that
plant growth could be altered by uniform daily rotation. Clockwise rotation
depressed growth. No one has been able to explain Jones’ findings, but the
presence of a spin force around all plants might be a factor.
author detected Biofields around a cat, a watermelon, a grapefruit, and
several plants. Ron Hruby found a biofield around a dog and a horse. Taken
together, the findings of Brown, Jones, Hruby, the author, and other
researchers all point to connections between living organisms, spin, and
geomagnetic activity. All living organisms seem to be in resonance with
Earth’s dynamic magnetic field. Earth’s magnetic field is in turn a
function of solar activity and the positions of the Moon, and at least some
of the planets.
of the Spin Force
Spin forces are
omnipresent in the universe. Spin or angular momentum is associated with
most subatomic particles such as electrons, protons, neutrons, etc.
Interstellar molecules spin. Stars, planets, satellites, even entire
galaxies and clusters of galaxies all are known to spin. Many asteroids
spin. The fastest spinning body in the solar system is an asteroid which
rotates every 10.7 minutes (Ostro et al, 1999). Apparently every body in the
universe spins. One astronomer maintains that the whole universe spins.
of the Biofield Meter shows the existence of a spin force around the human
body and other living organisms. Perhaps it is time to assume that
spin be taken as a fundamental force in its own right along with gravity,
electricity, and magnetism. Spin connects gravity and magnetism, for
it is a more general type of magnetism and at the same time it complements
gravity. Spin forces, if they exist around suns and planets, would
help to organize solar systems and satellite systems. The existence of
spin as a force would account for why the universe has not come together in
clumps, for spin forces operate at right angles to gravity forces.
What is perhaps the
fastest spinning Pulsar was recently discovered at the core of a supernova
which was observed in the Southern Hemisphere (Hessels et al, 2006). This
fast spinning Pulsar was apparently formed as part of the supernova process
and would be expected to start out spinning slowly and gradually increase in
spin as more matter was drawn to the center. But its measured spin rate is
716 times per second, upsetting traditional theories. This discovery lends
additional support to the notion that spin should be considered a
fundamental force present around all matter.
Assuming the existence
of spin force as a force in its own right also would bring one aspect of
aliveness into the equations of physics, something that is long overdue.
Spin forces might be called “form forces” or “organizing forces”, for they
help form complex living organisms, which abound with spirals, helixes, and
circles over and over again in myriads of different ways, from double
helices in DNA and RNA to Whirling Dervishes.
We can consider
spin to be a fundamental force along with gravity, electricity, and the two
nuclear forces. Magnetism should be replaced by the spin force.
previously mentioned, there are also two other forces assumed to exist.
Called the strong and weak nuclear forces, they operate within atomic nuclei
to help keep nuclear particles from dispersing due to electrical forces.
Research Possibilities for the
Before spin may
be seriously considered as a force in the universe, more research is
necessary. First, it’s important that physicists validate that the present
apparatus operates correctly. Next, other types of spin detectors should be
the spin force has been observed around a cat, dog, horse, grapefruit,
watermelon, and plants, one could hypothesize it is present around all
living things. Controlled experiments on several different types of
organisms are suggested. If no magnets were used on the Biofield Meter,
there should be no magnetic perturbations and the movement of the meter
might accurately reflect the geomagnetic activity, whereas in the case of
human subjects, emotional states and vitality factors add more variability.
Such an apparatus could be set up in a draft free environment, or a
magnetically shielded room. To make measurements of a human’s field in a
magnetically shielded room would be an excellent way to determine how much
of the Biofield is generated by the human and how much is induced by
instruments in bottles have been taken to the pyramids of Egypt, the Grand
Canyon, the ruins of Palenque, the mountains and the seashore. Inside the
great pyramid, there was no detectable Biofield. On top of the pyramid,
movement was as usual. Differences were observed at other locations as
well. In general, the amplitude of initial rotation is less near the
coast. Since the geomagnetic field strength varies minute by minute,
thorough observations on place differences need to be made using standard
instruments and simultaneous observation or controls at the different
force does induce rotation, it would imply that if we could place a small
test object in space around a human, that object would start to rotate
around the person. This experiment could not be done on Earth, but perhaps
it could be done in space. If rotation occurs, it would indicate that the
spin force, or life force, is similar to magnetism, for magnetism is a spin
force located in the space around a wire carrying an electric current.
forces only act on other magnets, this life force, or Biofield force,
apparently acts on all matter. Copper, iron, aluminum, plastic, and wood
have been tried, but quantitative comparative measurements have not been
made. If a material were found which did not show the effect it would be a
very important discovery.
for research are:
strength of the Biofield vary with altitude? Would it diminish in deep
mines? Can it be detected in a steady, high flying aircraft? How much mass
can actually be caused to move by this force? The heaviest device the
author used weighed about 9 pounds. However this weight was not being
lifted, only rotated, so very little physical force was actually required.
the Biofields of individuals interact or combine? If a large ring is
suspended over one person and a measure made, then will two people crowded
under the ring increase the amplitude of initial rotation by a factor of
a Biofield Meter is hung in the center of an empty room and people quietly
come in and stand around it. If the mirror system is used, a spot of light
can be reflected from the mirror on the Biofield Meter to a distant wall
providing a very sensitive indicator of rotation. If people surround the
instrument, moving slowly, towards it, how close do they have to come before
it rotates? Or will it rotate at all? How many people will be required to
observe such a rotation?
does this force field extend around the body? Gravitational, electrostatic,
and magnetic forces have been found to diminish with the square of the
distance. If the activity of Earth’s magnetic field and the emotional state
of the human are reasonably constant, how rapidly does Biofield strength
diminish as distance from the body increases? Does this force follow the
A most important
question is: what is the direction of this force? Is it truly a spin
force? The formal and informal experiments and observations I made
extending over many years suggest that it is a spin force, but that could be
disproved by another type of experiment. The devices I built never seemed
to move in another manner except rotation, but that may be because less
energy is required to spin the rings or frames than move them in any other
way. When a 30 ft. long suspension line was used, spinning still occurred.
It did not swing or oscillate. The pyramids hung in bottles rotated when
hands were placed at the sides. Is there a spin force between one’s hands?
Baraduc, Hippolyte. The
first device, called Biometre, developed by of France (Copper needle
suspended horizontally by a thread), as reported by: Stine, Harry G..
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